CDIA Articles and Related Publications
Pro-Poor Urban Infrastructure Investments
A Guide for Municipalities
This publication is intended as a practical guide for mayors, local government officials, sector specialists, planners, and other decision makers involved in the programming and design of urban infrastructure projects in medium-sized cities.
The Guide aims to
- facilitate understanding of concepts and issues related to the design of infrastructure projects that will directly or indirectly benefit the urban poor
- assist local government officials, sector specialists, and project planners in the formulation and design of pro-poor infrastructure investment projects
- stimulate change and motivate mayors, local government officials, and other decision makers in medium-sized cities to make use of pro-poor infrastructure investments in their cities with an eye on increased competitiveness; this should be a two-pronged approach to both urban development and poverty reduction
You can download a copy of the guide by clicking this link: Pro-Poor Urban Infrastructure Investments: A Guide for Municipalities
This book gives an overview of the major issues confronting Asian Cities as they strive to provide the services and investment needs of their citizens in a period of rapid change and new challenges such as climate change and economic restructureing. It also sets oout practical examples of addressing challenges and taking advantage of the opportunities presented in today’s Asia. These examples are drawn from a global review of good practice in sustainable economic, environmental, and social development in urban areas. Lessons were also drawn from case studies of the urban sector in the People’s Republic of China, India, Pakistan, Philippines, and Thailand. Recommendations for improved urban management, focusing on better coordination and financing and capacity building systems, are given in a way that will assist urban professionals, city leaders, and policy makers to both see the “big picture” and get the detailed information thety need on issues important for them.
You can download a copy from the ADB website by clicking here: Managing Asian Cities Report.
Background Paper for Conference on the ” The Environments of the Poor”, 24-26 Nov 2010,New Delhi.
This paper examines how through creating an enabling policy for IPT that cities can address transport planning, regulatory frameworks, physical infrastructure and organizational/institutional set-up. With the right policy and regulatory framework in place, IPT has the potential to fill a critical function in a pro-poor and green urban transport system.
You can download a copy of the article by clicking here: Green and Pro-poor?
Informal Public Transportation Networks in Three Indonesian Cities
This report looks at informal public transportation (IPT) from different perspectives and reconsiders its value not just in improving urban mobility, but also as a provider of employment and backbone of the informal economy. In doing so, this report describes how IPT improves mobility in cities by complementing formal transportation systems – but the distinction between the two is often far from clear. Jogja, Solo, and Palembang are places crowed with people constantly jostling for space on the road, carting goods to market, ambling across traffic on the way to school, and swarming on motorcycles. All of this activity blurs together, but the available modes of transport are very different. Some are regulated and run by the government – formal transportation such as city buses. Others such as becaks and ojeks are independently run by their owners – informal transportation. To most people, however, the difference between formal and informal may be hard to distinguish because there is such a variety of vehicles decorated in innumerable ways.
You may download a copy of the article by clicking here: Informal Public Transportation Networks in Three Indonesian Cities
National Partner Organization Publications
如何理解中国的城镇化率-How to understand the urbanisation rate in China?
Dr. QiuAijun, Deputy Director General, China Center for Urban Development, gives an insight on China’s urbanization rate in the March 2012 Newsletter. China Center for Urban Development is a National Partner Organization with the Cities Development Initiative for Asia (CDIA).
“The National Bureau of Statistics of China indicated that the urbanisation rate in China reached 51.3% by the end of 2011. From 1978 to 2011, the urbanisation rate rose from 17.92% to 51.3%. Indeed, such rapid growth is a prominent result of the economic and social development. However, we have to clearly recognise and understand the urbanisation rate in China to avoid being blindly optimistic and misjudging the situation.”
To download a copy of the March 2012 Newsletter (in Chinese and English), please click on the following link: 如何理解中国的城镇化率-How to understand the urbanisation rate in China?
Linking Cities to Finance-Indonesia March 2012
The purpose of this report is to give an overview on the possible sources of infrastructure funds available for Cities in Indonesia and how these can be accessed.
This report consists of two main parts:
1) Part I summarizes the access to financing for Cities as well as challenges and findings.
2) Part II details the general conditions and procedures of each financing mechanism available for Cities.
The report, to be submitted to the UN Habitat, is jointly prepared by URDI and YIPD, the National Partner Organizations of CDIA.
To download a copy of the report, please click on the following link: Linking Cities to Finance-Indonesia March 2012
Documenting Pre-Feasibility Study Process
This report intends to document the Pre-Feasibility Study (PFS) process in the Province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) and the City of Banda Aceh. The Pre-Feasibility Studies are the supports provided by Cities Development Initiative for Asia (CDIA) to four cities in Indonesia during the period of 2009 to 2011 including DIY and Banda Aceh.
The report focuses on the PFS process particularly the involvement of the city administration and stakeholders and details the whole process from the beginning of TOR preparation, project selection, reporting as well as the project’s current status and the lessons learned.
The report, to be submitted to the UN Habitat as the deliverables of Contract Small Scale Agreement of Cooperation SAoC11‐011, is jointly prepared by URDI and YIPD, the National Partner Organizations of CDIA.
To download a copy of the report, please click on the following link: Documenting Pre-Feasibility Study Process-Indonesia March 2012
Methodology for CIIPP Implementation – Primer
This document illustrates methodology for implementing the City Infrastructure Investment Prioritization and Programming (CIIPP) Toolkit in the Indian context through the case of Rajkot City in Gujarat.
The document is a “primer” prepared by CEPT University, Ahmedabad, which can be used as a quick methodology to implement the tool in a similar Indian context. The steps identified here are based on the experience of Rajkot Municipal Corporation.
To download a copy of the document, please click on the following link: CIIPP Toolkit – Methodology for CIIPP Implementation-Primer
Partner Agency Tools
CDIA’s funding member agencies have produced and/ or supported the formulation of a number of useful toolkits and practical learning material for many years. The following links provide access to a number of toolkits of value to practitioners and city government officials seeking to pursue more sustainable infrastructure development in Asian cities.
This Public–Private Partnership (PPP) Handbook is designed for the staff of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and its developing member countries’ clients. It provides an overview of the role, design, structure, and execution of PPPs for infrastructure development. With inputs from policy and transaction specialists, this handbook addresses a range of matters associated with PPPs, from policy considerations to implementation issues.
Bus Rapid Transport Guide – Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP) / GTZ
This Planning Guide first provides an overview of the BRT concept, including its definition and historical development and proceeds to give a step-by-step description of the BRT planning process. This Guide encompasses six major components in BRT planning: I. Project preparation; II. Operational design; III. Physical design; IV. Integration; V. Business plan; and VI. Evaluation and implementation. Municipal planning professionals and planning consultants will particularly benefit from the step-by-step documentation of the BRT development process. A free copy of the document can be downloaded from the SUTP project’s website:
Cycling Inclusive Policy Development: A Handbook – Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP)/ GTZ
This handbook provides detailed information on how to develop cycling-friendly policies and facilities. It can help you, as a planner, engineer, community leader or advocate to enrich you own ideas about the future traffic and transport system where you live and work. A free copy of the document can be downloaded from the SUTP project’s website:
Additionally, GTZ has a number of discussion papers on related urban topics:
Urban Transport & Poverty in Developing Countries – Analysis and Options for Transport Policy and Planning:
The aim of this booklet is to provide practical guidance for Sida partners in project planning procedures. It contains a description of the theory of LFA, which summarises approaches and principles, the different planning steps and how they can be implemented – as well as the roles of different stakeholders in a planning procedure.
Additionally, Sida has a number of “Urban Issues” discussion papers on relevant topics:
Financing Urban Infrastructure: download the publication
Urban Development Planning: download the publication
Urban Solid Waste Management: download the publication
Other Urban Management Tools
Several agencies and organizations have been working for a number of years to produce tools and manuals to strengthen urban management both generally as well as in specific country contexts. The following set of links offer access to a number of these publications.
United Nations Guidelines for Sustainable Cities
The United Nations has launched guidelines for creating environmentally friendly and sustainable cities in the Asia-Pacific. The rapid urban growth in the region presents environmental challenges and affects a city’s capacity to provide the basic needs of its citizens.
The guidelines provide city planners and other administrators with practical tools to improve urban planning and infrastructure design. Promoting eco-efficiency and social inclusiveness is an important step in developing sustainable cities for the future.
You can read the full article at this link: United Nations ESCAP
A copy of the guidelines can be downloaded from this link: GUIDELINES
Liveable Cities: the Benefits of Urban Environmental Planning. Cities Alliance/ ICLEI/ UNEP
This tool focuses on the urban challenge, and brings together concrete case studies from cities around the world which are struggling, but also in many cases succeeding in tackling issues from waste and transportation to river and air pollution. http://www.unep.org/urban_environment/PDFs/LiveableCities.pdf
EPM – SCP
EPM Source Book. SCP/ UN-Habitat
“Implementing the Urban Environment Agenda” is a carefully designed, user-friendly guide on how to carry out each stage in the process of developing urban environmental priorities, strategies and action plans. http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getElectronicVersion.asp?nr=1276&alt=1
SCP Source Book, Vol 1: Preparing the SCP Environmental Profile.
Gives a step by step explanation of how to prepare a very special Environmental Profile which is used in the SCP. http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getElectronicVersion.asp?nr=1427&alt=1
SCP Source Book, Vol 2: Organising, Conducting and Reporting an SCP City Consultation
Describes the SCP City Consultation, explaining its role and purpose in the SCP process, and how it is prepared and conducted. http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getElectronicVersion.asp?nr=1595&alt=1
SCP Source Book, Vol 3: Establishing and Supporting a Working Group Process
Explains how key stakeholders are identified and sensitised. http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getElectronicVersion.asp?nr=1635&alt=1
SCP Source Book, Vol 4: Formulating Issue Specific Strategies and Action Plans
Describes the Issue Specific Strategies and Action Plans as they are developed through an SCP city project. http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getElectronicVersion.asp?nr=1676&alt=1
EPM Process Trainer’s Guide
Introductory Training Materials On The Urban Environmental Planning And Management (EPM) Process. http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/getPage.asp?page=bookView&book=1622
GIS – Philippines
GIS Cookbook. Housing and Landuse Regulatory Board, Philippines
This GlS Cookbook endeavors to assist municipalities/ cities that are determined to use GlS as a tool in CLUP preparation. GIS-based land-use planning tools can be used to more thoughtfully design everything from specific plans to zoning ordinances. They are also useful for eliciting and enjoining public participation not only in land use planning but also in land use decisions and visioning projects. http://www.cookbook.hlurb.gov.ph/
Urban Planning – Thailand
Handbook: Strengthening Local Urban Planning and Management. GTZ/ MOI/ DOLA/ DTCP
This Handbook consists of five sections to further assist local government officials and officers as they work to improve the health, safety and welfare of the citizens and residents within their jurisdictions. The information contained in this document looks to supplement much of the procedures already in place and offers some processes and innovation that can strengthen the current procedures. Download a copy of the Handbook
Trainers Guide: A Resource Book for Strengthening Local Urban Planning and Management. GTZ/ MOI/ DOLA/ DTCP
This Resource Book has been written specifically for Trainers and must be used in conjunction with the Handbook for “Strengthening Local Urban Planning and Management”. The focus for the training is to offer some practical, easy to apply methods and tools that harmonise with current work practices and to guide municipal administration through activities they will increasingly have to undertake at the local level. Download a copy of the Trainers Guide
Ten Point Checklist for local governments
The campaign proposes a Ten-point checklist of Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient to serve as a guide for commitment by Mayors.
Sector Projects and Initiatives
The information on this page have been organized by thematic area in the context of urban development, and is expected to constantly grow as more information is gathered and new sites come on line. Should you want to share information about a project, initiative or organization you are involved with actively working in these fields, please send a short note with the appropriate link to http://www.citiesforcleanair.org/ Clean Air for Smaller Cities in the ASEAN Region is a project, financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, which aims at improving the air quality, in particular, in non-metropolitan areas of some ASEAN countries (Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam). Development and implementation of “clean air plans” is our approach.
http://cleanairinitiative.org/portal/index.php Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities. The mission of the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia) is to promote better air quality and livable cities by translating knowledge to policies and actions that reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from transport, energy and other sectors. It was established in 2001 by ADB, the World Bank and USAID as part of a global initiative that also includes Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa.
http://www.sutp.org/ Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP)-Asia is a partnership between the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ), the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA, CITYNET and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) which aims to help developing world cities achieve their sustainable transport goals, through the dissemination of information about international experience and targeted work with particular cities]
www.sutp.org/suteca UNITAR and GTZ SUTP are happy to introduce this webpage and newsgroup for professionals and decision-makers in the ECA-region in order to facilitate and enhance dialogue on sustainable urban transport.
www.trl.co.uk The Transport Research Laboratory – provides practical advice on sustainable transport and develops (post-Kyoto) policy options for a low carbon future.
www.uitp.org The International Association of Public Transport – provides a strong network of practioners in all modes of urban transport bringing real life examples and experience.
http://eapblog.worldbank.org/ The East Asia and Pacific region is facing some great development challenges today: urbanization, protection of the environment, the need to find renewable energy sources and many others. This site wants to create a conversation around those important issues, share what we at the World Bank are doing and highlight some interesting initiatives. It is maintained by various staff working on development issues in the region.
http://www.citymayors.com/ City Mayors is an international think tank for urban affairs, consisting of professionals working together to promote strong and prosperous cities as well as good local government. Established in 2003, City Mayors encourages city leaders from across the world to develop innovative and sustainable solutions to long-standing urban problems such as housing, transport, education and employment. City Mayors also debates ways to meet the latest environmental, technological, social and security challenges, which affect the well-being of citizens.
http://sustainablecities.net/htmdocs/sealswip/ Southeast Asia Local Solid Waste Improvement Project helped cities to work collaboratively with local governments, community groups and the private sector to address waste management concerns in a sustainable manner.
http://www.unescap.org/pdd/prs/ProjectActivities/Ongoing/SolidWasteMngmnt/SolidWaste.asp Decentralized and Community-based Solid Waste Management Project This project aims to reduce, reuse and recycle solid wastes in Asia’s teeming cities and change perceptions about waste. It wants policy makers to look at wastes as a resource rather than refuse, with an apt slogan, “Trash is Cash”. The project promotes the replication of a model developed by Waste Concern, a Bangladesh-based non-governmental organization which earned the UN Poverty Award in 2002 for the initiative.
Wastewater & Drainage
http://www.192021.org/ 19.20.21 is a multi-year, multimedia initiative to collect, organize and better understand population’s effect regarding urban and business planning and its impact on consumers around the world. This 5+ year initiative will deliver results via 5 channels: web (including mobile), television (broadcast and cable), print (magazines, books and atlases), exhibits and seminars (virtual and onsite). This project will include 10 worldwide partners.
http://www.icsc.ca The International Centre for Sustainable Cities (ICSC), is headquartered in Vancouver, Canada. ICSC has a track record of success in working with cities to solve problems related to urban growth. Founded in 1993, ICSC is an independent not-for-profit organization with charitable status.]
http://urbanicity.org/ Urbanicity, for local governments and urban development, is a partnership with UN-Habitat: Best Practices and Local Leadership Programme. The site contains a comprehensive listing of world-wide events related to urban development and management as well as other information resources.
www.tei.or.th The Thailand Environment Institute (TEI) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization focusing on environmental issues and the conservation of natural resources in Thailand, Regional and Global levels. By working closely with the private sector, government, local communities, other civil society partners, academia and in international circles with international organizations, the Institute helps formulate environmental directives and link policy with action to encourage meaningful environmental progress.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org The thermotechnical rehabilitation of pre-cast panel buildings; Integrated Urban Development, Construction Sector & VET Promotion Program (UDCP). Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
Promotion of energy-efficient rehabilitation of apartment buildings: Elaboration of energy- and cost efficient rehabilitation designs; Implementation of thermal insulation pilot projects; Conducting dialogue with dwellers and condominium association; Elaboration of incentive system for energy saving (meters, valves, payment according to consumption, etc.)
Cities and climate change
http://www.cleanairnet.org/caiasia The mission of CAI-Asia is to promote and demonstrate innovative ways to improve the air quality in Asian cities through partnerships and sharing experiences.
http://www.adpc.net/v2007/ The Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) is a non-profit organization supporting the advancement of safer communities and sustainable development, through implementing programs and projects that reduce the impact of disasters upon countries and communities in Asia and the Pacific
www.earthquakesandmegacities.org The Earthquakes and Megacities Initiative is a not-for-profit international scientific organization dedicated to the reduction of earthquake and other hazard risk to complex urban areas in developing countries.
www.pdc.org The Pacific Disaster Center’s Mission is to provide applied information research and analysis support for the development of effective policies, institutions, programs and information products for the disaster management and humanitarian assistance in communities of the Asia Pacific and Indian Ocean regions and beyond.
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